Tag Archives: Indian Mutiny

For Queen and Company – short status update

A couple more trial games were held at the club which has resulted in more tweaking and a couple of revisits to basic mechanisms.

The D10 is staying and most of the combat and shooting seems to be stable.  Movement may be adjusted slightly as well as some unit special rules.

I’ve received confirmation for the licensing of the images as well as sourced a few more so will hopefully be able to add them into the new draft.

I still need to get some decent maps done, along with appropriate images for the illustrations and examples, so still a fair bit to do.

For Queen and Company – First Outing

I had the first game of the revised Queen and Company rules with Andy to take them from a purely mathematical and theoretical exercise of drawing stand pieces of card to play with real figures and real dice.

We played a very small encounter, basing on the Battle of Ghaziuddinnagar which took place on May 30th 1857 (and 8th March 2015).  This battle has very few troops and limited terrain so allowed me to test the underlying mechanics without them being hidden behind the too much clutter arising from special rules and the like.

For a first outing using the D10 mechanism I think that it went fairly well.  It did start to highlight some of the assumptions which I’ve been making which do need to be called out in the rules themselves so that new players don’t need to make their own imaginative bridges to fill in the gaps…

True to history the British won by capturing the bridge and guns, but not before the Mutineers had caused an upset or two among the Rifles.

Game play was reasonably fast, though a handful of ten sided dice will be required for each player, preferably mainly in one colour and a few in an alternative colour.

Next steps have been to start to bridge the missing ‘assumptions’ along with clarifying some of the missing areas including target priority and line of sight.

The next version is ready to be pulled apart again, and this time it even has a table of contents (it’s a pity that the first two I printed didn’t actually have page numbers! – well I’ve fixed that now.)

Copies are starting to be distributed and further games arranged.  Once I have confidence that I’ve addressed the major areas the next step is to get it out to other clubs to test under real fire.  If you’re interested just drop me a line.

Escape from Old Delhi – A Skirmish Adventure in the Indian Mutiny

Escape from Old Delhi

By Warren Gleeson

Notes:  These are the rules for a participation game for British soldiers  attempting to escape the chaos  of Delhi in the immediate aftermath of the native indian troops mutinying and rampaging through the City on 11th May 1857.

Players – 6 players (and the umpire).

Duration – about an hour.

Game Premise

The year is 1857, you are a dashing British officer in the British East India Company.  The locals are revolting and the army is in mutiny.  All hell has broken loose as you flee from the irate horde of locals towards the British muster at the Flagstaff Tower.  Unfortunately everyone is out to get you so you need to make your way to  Kabul Gate at the other side of the city.  The objective is to survive, but any people saved along the way wouldn’t do your career a disservice, whilst any goods acquired would certainly aid your mess bill.

 

Players

Each Player is a Gentleman or a Cad. The objective for the player is to get their character from the Kashmire Gate all the way through Delhi to escape through the Kabul Gate and get to the Flagstaff Tower where it is believed (hoped) that a detachment of British troops are currently stationed.

 

The Player Turn

A player has 3 action points that can be used to do a multitude of things. Each Player completes their turn before another player starts their turn.

Action points may be used for any of the following

  • move 3 spaces
  • fight one round of combat
  • fire gun
  • pick up object
  • use object
  • Load Gun
  • Shrug off a wound

 

Firing Weapons

Each weapon has a maximum range. A clear line of sight must be available, where the line drawn from the centre of the originating square to the centre of the target square does not cross any building or figures. Each shot taken reduces your bullets by 1 (given to umpire)

Pistol 3 squares

Musket 6 squares

Rifled Musket 8 squares

To hit a target the character needs to roll equal to or above their Shooting skill after any modifiers have been applied.

Modifiers;

-1 Character has moved or intends to move this turn

-1 Target is a child or female (must pass a ‘Cad‘ test – if passed increase cad rating)

-1 target has cover (cannon, table clutter, doorway, low wall etc.)

 

Fighting

A character may attack an NPC or Indian Mob. To hit, the character needs to roll their Fight skill after any modifiers have been applied.

Modifiers;

+2 Character has charged into combat

+2 Character has a sword

+0 Character has an improvised weapon

-1 Character is unarmed

-1 target has a shield

-2 Target is a child or female (must pass a ‘Cad‘ test – if passed increase players cad rating)

-1 target has cover (cannon, table clutter, doorway, low wall etc.)

 

Wounding Someone or Something

A simple roll of 4+ is required to wound an NPC or Indian Mob, a character is wounded on a 5+.

Once a character is reduced to zero wounds they are out of the game.

 

Regaining Wounds

A character may attempt to ‘shrug off a wound’. This takes an action point. The player rolls a dice which is modified by the number of wounds which they have already taken.

 

Wounds Taken 3 2 1
Die Roll1 It’s more serious than I thought You’re Dead It’s more serious than I thought! – lose 1 wound It’s more serious than I thought! – lose 1 wound
2 Nothing Nothing Nothing
3 Nothing Nothing Gain 1 Wound
4 Nothing Gain 1 Wound Gain 1 Wound
5 Gain 1 Wound Gain 1 Wound Gain 1 Wound
6 Gain 1 Wound Gain 1 Wound Gain 1 Wound

As characters take wounds during the game their ability to move, shoot, or fight reduces until such a point when they are incapacitated.

Doing things

Generally it takes one action point to do something – just give it a go. Doing things include opening doors, picking things up, throwing things, drinking things etc.  The umpire will confirm whether an action is allowed and the consequences arising from it.

Gentlemen and Cads

A player starts as a gentleman, however their actions may result in their caddish dark-side slowly coming to the fore.  The objective of the game is for a player to escape from Delhi.  Should two or more players succeed then the player with the lowest Cad rating will be determined the winner.  Of course there is nothing to stop a Cad from arranging a suitable ‘accident’ for other player characters.  An accident can take place out of sight of any other player characters who aren’t involved in the ‘accident’.  The player must successfully pass a Cad test before arranging an accident.  An accident can be anything as simple as taking a shot with a pistol or musket, to attacking them with a sword even to firing a cannon at them!  More subtle arrangements such as drawing the mobs towards the intended victim may be attempted and may in fact be more rewarding…

The Cad Test

To successfully pass a cad test a player needs to roll equal to or lower than their Cad rating.  If they are successful then their Cad rating increases by 1.  Players start on 1 so it takes a lot to overcome their upbringing but once they start, then it becomes easier to continue down the slippery slope.

Mutineers & Mobs

Once all of the players have taken their actions the umpire then takes the actions for the mobs and mutineers.

1– generate new mob counters

– a new counter is placed on each generation point face down.

2 – mobs move towards British in priority;

–  Nearest British in sight

–  Nearest ‘Loud Noise‘ in order cannon/musket/pistol

Until Mobs come within 8 squares line of sight of a British character the mob counter remain ‘blind’.  Once within 8 squares and line of sight  the counters are revealed and replaced with the appropriate figures. A maximum of 4 figures may occupy a square, surplus figures are placed further back.

3 – mobs in contact fight round of combat.

A single dice is rolled requiring 6 to hit the British character.  A +1 is added for each additional figure in the Mob.  If the mob hits the character then they need a 5+ to cause a wound.

 

Materials Required for Game

– Character Stat Cards + Appropriate Figures

Escape from Old Delhi Cards

– Board Layout for Old Delhi (Map)

– Street Cards for Delhi

– Deck of Cards for Mob generation

– Mob Counters (30 singles, 10 Doubles, 10 Quads)

– Key Buildings – templates or 3d buildings.  Templates buildings generally contain items of use as identified on the card.

.     Delhi and London Bank – 1 Male NPC with sword, with wife and 2 children

.     Magazine (Cannon, Pistols, Muskets) 1 British officer with sword & 4 NPC British NCOs with muskets attempting to blow the arsenal.

.     St. James’s Church – 1 padre with bible and 7 NPC parishioners – no weapons or skills.

.    Palace – 2 NPCs with swords

.    Telegraph Office – 1 NPC + 2 Indian Guards with muskets

.    Treasury – 3 NPCs + 2 Indian guards with Muskets

.    Skinners House

.    The Delhi Gazette

 

Notes: These are an old set of rules which were run a few times about ten years or so ago.  The rules require an umpire as the game requires a bit of role-play on behalf of the players.

August 25th 1857 – Battle of Najafgarh

      Battle of Najafgarh

August 25th 1857

On 25th August a British force led by Nicholson engaged a Mutineers force around 30 kms west of Delhi in a pre-emtive strike.  The Mutineers sought to intercept the siege train heading towards the Delhi ridge and then to come upon the rear of the British positions on the Ridge.

The British march towards the Mutineers has been treacherous as the ground had turned to a quagmire in the rain.  Nicholson came upon the enemy at 4pm but despite the time decided to push on an attack.

The Mutineers had occupied an old serai with infantry and 4 guns.  On either side and to the rear of the serai  were three villages which the Mutineers had occupied with infantry and more artillery.  A deep drainage cut or ‘nulla’ went around the Mutineers right and on around their rear with a stout bridge crossing directly to their rear.  The nulla was swollen with the recent rain and even at the ford the water was chest high.

The Battle

The British forces advanced across the ford and deployed to the south of the serai. Nicholson sent the infantry brigade of the 61st Foot, the EIC 1st Bengal Fusiliers, and the 2nd Punjab Infantry to capture the serai. He kept his cavalry along with elements of the infantry in reserve whilst he split his limited artillery between facing the serai and the remainder addressed the enemy to the west.

Despite the muddy ground significantly impeding their advance in the face of the Mutineers artillery the British forces stormed the serai and routed the enemy. The fighting in the villages was more sustained but within an hour the enemy had been routed and their guns captured.

“As the Infantry were about to advance, Nicholson thus addressed them: ‘Men of the 61st, remember what Sir Colin Campbell said at Chilianwala, and you have heard that he said the same to his gallant Highland Brigade at the Alma. I have the same request to make of you and the men of the 1st Bengal Fusiliers. Hold your fire until within twenty or thirty yards, then fire and charge, and the serai is yours.’ Our brave soldiers followed these directions to the letter, and, under cover of Artillery fire, carried the serai. Front was then changed to the left as had been arranged, and the line swept along the enemy’s defences, the rebels flying before them over the bridge.”

Frederick Sleigh Roberts

Forty-one years in India – From Subaltern To Commander-In-Chief

With the enemy routed Nicholson consolidated his position before heading back to the Delhi lines the next day.

Nicholson’s force captured 13 enemy guns as well as large quantities of ammunition, stores and animals; all of which were sorely needed by the British troops on the Ridge.

Mutineers Force – Commander Bakht Khan

  Bareilly Brigade

    4 Regiments of Mutineers – each of 6 bases

    2 Artillery

  Nasirabad Brigade

    4 Regiments of Mutineers – each of 6 bases

    3 Artillery

  Nimach Brigade (General Sudhari Singh & Brigade Major Hira Singh)

    4 Regiments of Mutineers – each of 6 bases

    3 Artillery

Estimated Strength 8,000 troops and 13  to 16 guns

British Force – Commander Brigadier Nicholson

  61st Foot (Colonel Rainer)

  1st Bengal Fusiliers (Major Jacob) – 5 bases

  400 of Cokes Rifles (400 Men) – 5 bases

  Punjab Infantry (Green) (400 men) – 5 bases

  1 Sqn 9th Lancers (Captain Sarel) – 3 bases

  Linds Multani Horse (200 men) – 5 bases

  Sqn Guides (Sandford) – 3 bases

  Troop of 2nd Punjab Cavalry (Charles Nicholson) – 6 bases

  3 Troops of Horse Artillery (Major Tombs) (16 Horse Artillery) – 8 guns

Approximately 2,500 ‘good troops’ – 1,600 infantry, 450 cavalry, and 16 guns.

Game Length: 7 Turns

Initiative: 1st turn British

Set-up

Mutineers deploy 1 of their brigades in and around the Serai.  The Other 2 Brigades deploy into the 2 villages nearest the Najafgarh Drain.  2 Sepoy units may be detached to occupy the village of Nagli.

The British set up is assumed after they have started to cross the ford across the nulla.

Battle Najafgarh Map

Notes about the terrain

Bridge – 84 foot long and 27 foot wide.

Nulla – can only be crossed at the ford, and even then difficult going due to the high flood.  The Najafgarh Drain can only be crossed at the bridge.

The Serai is on a slight rise

Scenario Special Rules – The Sword and the Flame (The Sword in India variant)

The Serai counts as class IV cover, whilst the villages and sandbagged artillery are class III. The treed garden is class II.

The Mutineers have limited ammo.

The Mutineers deploy their entire force first.

Scenario Special Rules – Black Powder

The British European troops are treated as ‘Elite’ to represent their continued advance through the Mutineers defensive fire.

For Queen and Company Rules (and Fast and Furious)

Special Rules:

I think I need to be somewhere else‘ – As soon as the British get troops between the Mutineers positions and Delhi the Mutineers suffer a -2 to all subsequent Moral tests.

It’s bloody wet!” All movement should used the variable movement rates due to the waterlogged and flooded ground

 

Winning the Game

British Major Victory – The British must occupy uncontested the Serai and the three villages, as well as hold the bridge at the end of the game. To be uncontested no steady Mutineer infantry or artillery units can be within the serai or village.

British Minor Victory – The British hold both the Serai and the bridge uncontested and ensured that none of the Mutineer guns are in operation (captured, or either un-manned or reduced to one crew)

Mutineer Minor Victory – Hold the bridge and one of the villages uncontested

Mutineer Major Victory – Mutineers hold the bridge and both the Serai and two of the Villages uncontested.

Otherwise a draw which would be a Mutineer moral victory and still able to claim bragging rights.

Black Powder

Old Rosters created for Black Powder soon after it came out – I’d do them differently now and fix the org and command structure for the Brits, and address the overly generous command ratings at the same time.

Battle of Najafgarh Rosters – British copy

Battle of Najafgarh Rosters – Mutineers copy

Notes:  

Indian Forces: I’ve made estimates about the Indian forces by dividing down the 8,000 strength estimate across 3 brigades to get approximately 12 units at an assumed strength of approx. 600 to 700 men per unit.  You could easily modify this by having more units if desired.  I’ve taken the higher estimate of 16 guns and assumed that 3 were removed or destroyed before capture.

British force numbers based upon Roberts and Trotter

Fighting the Battle

This battle was fought using Black Powder with the British being ably led by Paul ‘Nicholson’, whilst the Mutineers were commanded by Steve ‘Bakht Khan’. We used an 8’ by 6’ table and 28mm figures in units of 24 infantry and 10 cavalry.

The Indians were deployed across their wide front with the major blocks of units being situated between the three villages. The guns were deployed in the sandbagged defences before the serai, as well as between the villages on either side the bridge. The British placed their cavalry on the right of their deployment zone with their artillery facing the serai. The infantry were placed to the left of the artillery.

The first turn opened with the Indian artillery bombardment doing little in the way of casualties but managed to disorder the 61st Foot. With the British movement Paul successfully passed the ‘Elite’ test a cleared the disorder from the 61st who were then able to advance towards the bridge whilst the remainder of the British foot advanced towards the Serai. The cavalry started to loop around the serai to the right. British fire managed to cause some casualties to the units within the serai as well as disorder one of them.

Turn two saw Steve attempt to move some of his infantry from the East towards the British but failed his command roll. He then started to take out his frustration on the British with his artillery. One unit of the Native infantry became disrupted whils the 61st took some casualties. The Briitsh responded and successfully charged the serai.

Within the next two turns the serai had fallen and the Indian brigade holding the area was broken. The British then focussed their attention on the forces around the bridge. Within a couple of turns the bridge was taken but not before the British 3rd Brigade was shaken and the the majority of the cavalry were also shaken following an ambitious attempt to confront the third Indian brigade to the east whilst unsupported by infantry. The end of the game all came down to Steves attempts to reinforce the troops around the bridge which unfortunately failed to recapture the bridge or force the British back. He did take some consolation from the situation when he finally broke the British cavalry brigade.

As the dust settled the Mutineers still had their third brigade almost intact and their second one was just hanging on but they were forced to concede a minor victory to the British having lost the serai, the bridge and all of their artillery.

Battle of Ghaziabad – 30th May 1857 (and again on 31st May)

    May 30th 1857 – Battle of Ghaziuddinnagar (and again on 31st May)

Also known as Battle of Ghaziabad

or the Battle of Hindun River (Hindon)

Background

As Barnard led the Delhi relief force from Simla be met up with Wilsons force from Meerut.  As they headed towards Delhi they encountered a Mutinous force at Ghaziuddinnagar (now called  Ghaziabad).  The Mutineers had secured the opposite bank of the river around the only iron bridge in the vicinity so denying the British a route for getting their siege artillery to Delhi.

The Indians engaged the British as they sought to secure the bridge.  the British sent the 16th Rifles to secure the bridge whilst the artillery engaged the Mutineers guns.

The horse artillery and the Carabiniers sought to find an alternative crossing to outflank the Mutineers position.  Before they had arrived the remainder of the British force had been ordered to engage the Mutineers and the 60th Rifles were ordered forward and directly engaged the enemy.  After a fierce fight the Mutineers fled abandoning their guns.

The British failed to consolidate on their position as the following day the Mutineers returned in force and again attacked the British position.  The British successfully saw off the attack but were not in any position to pursue the enemy.  Whether the Mutineers ever expected to defeat the British outright isn’t know but it should be noted that they did manage to recover their lost guns from the day before and take them from the battlefield before the British could stop them.

Situation

Iron Bridge across the River Hindun (river runs 18 inches into the table parallel from the Mutineers table edge).  The Mutineers hold one bank.  The British set up 6 inches into the table.  The Bridge is 100mm wide (2 bases) and set up 18 inches in from short edge.  A ford is placed 1 foot from the opposite short edge.

Objective

The British need to secure the bridge as well as capture the Mutineers siege guns before the game ends.

Special Rules:

If any British cavalry cross to the Mutineers side of the river then all Mutineers suffer from the ‘I think I need to be somewhere else‘ special rule for all subsequent Moral rules (-2).

British Lethargy: The British force was suffering from various malaise and are unable to pursue fleeing/faltering Mutineer forces.

Game Length: 7 turns

Initiative:  British have initiative for first turn

After deployment the Mutineers get two rounds of firing with their siege artillery

Forces

British under Wilson 

Wilson

16th Rifles – 6 bases (24 figures)

60th Rifles – 5 bases (20 figures)

6th Carabiniers – 5 bases (20 figures)

1 Horse battery – 3 horse artillery

2 x 18lbs Siege Guns – 1 siege gun & crew

Sappers & Miners – 5 skirmish figures

(probably best ignored for the game)

 

Mutineers

Heavy Artillery – 3 siege guns

3 Native Infantry Regiments – 6 bases each (24 figures)

Game Notes
Due to the small size of the forces involved this game is very suitable for The Sword and the Flame or other similar large skirmish sized games
Design Notes
As I didn’t have any real guidance to the Mutineers forces I took a guestimate to give a force which would provide a suitable opposition to the British forces to reflect the struggle which occurred on the first day whilst reflecting the fact that the Mutineers felt strong enough to attack again the next day and were able to retrieve their guns.  By all means balance however you feel fit.

Fast and Furious – Quick Play Rules for the Victorian Era

I’ve just found an old set of 5 page rules which I used many years ago as a quick pick up for Indian Mutiny games.  I’ve tidied them up slightly over the last day or so and made a few amendments to address some issues which had arisen in the past.

These aren’t overly sophisticated, and rely upon a scenario to drive the objectives and force lists.  As such as they stand there are no points for units.  My basic premise was for units of around 20 to 24 infantry figures, 10 to 12 cavalry figures, and 1 to 3 artillery pieces with crew.  Brigades are generally 2 to 6 units led by a Brigade Commander.

I have assumed that the games are asymmetric in nature with objectives specific to each side.  Games should be able to cater for around 12 units a side split into 2 or 3 Brigades and finish in around 3 hours.

By all means play around with them and let me know how you get on with them and whether you have any issues.  They are only 4 pages long and follow many conventions already familiar to most wargamers.  this probably means that there are some fundamental assumptions which I’ve made and might not be immediately apparent from the way the rules are written. If you come across one of those issues just let me know as I’m always open to constructive feedback and will continually be tweaking them anyway.  these should also be compatible with my scenarios for the period.

On another not I have revisited my For Queen and Company Rules and will continue to work them into a coherent set of rules.  Once these are complete I’ll post the draft up  here as well.

To download the file just click below.  To avoid any compatibility issues the file is a simple text so should be readable by most systems.  I’ll revisit them and format the data tables so that they are in proper tables, and perhaps even give it some styling… (god forbid).  I may even graduate to pdfs!

Fast and Furious

For Queen and Company

I’ve finally started to pull together my 2 player Indian Mutiny rules under the name of ‘For Queen and Company’. They’ve resided in paper form in a notebook for a long time so after a bit of chivvying from a friend I’m finally writing them up.  These are a simple set of rules for two forces to be able to fight out the various actions which occurred during the Indian Mutiny of 1857/8.

My other rules for the period have a different focus and will be covered separately.

I intend to use ten sided dice but also cater to my desire for handfuls of dice.  I’m am working under the foolish premise that a D10 gives me a wider spread for results, as well as enables me to get rough percentages if required (well at least in 10% increments).

At present the intent is to have individual figure removal

The game is an  (I go you go) game working in alternate phases.  Currently all measurements are in inches, but I will probably offer a cm option – maybe just through an appendix and quick reference sheet.

The intent is to enable a fast moving game which can cater for around a dozen units a side with completing within around 2 to 2 and a half hours.  This should cater to most club sessions if we allow for set up and close down (as well as drinks and chats).  The larger battles and city assaults will be longer and probably be more of full afternoon games.

I want the rules to be able to address most of the small actions, which to be honest were the majority of the battles which took place.

I also want to have a go at capturing the dilemma which the various Indian factions faced as they attempted to reconcile their disparate requirements and intents to be able to forge an alliance against the foreigners.

Battle of Badli-ke-Serai – 8th June 1857

Battle of Badli-ke-Serai – 8th June 1857

With the fall of Delhi to the Mutineers in May 1857 the British scrambled around to assemble a force capable of dealing with the threat. Sir Henry Anson, the commander of the British forces, was based in the cooler climbs at the Simla Hill Station over a thousand miles away from Delhi. He hastily cobbled together a relief force at Ambala. Unfortunately Anson died from cholera a little over two weeks later and command of the the assembled relief force fell to Sir Henry Barnard. In an attempt to regain the initiative Barnard set his force marching towards Delhi with the intention of linking up with the Meerut garrison under Archdale Wilson.

The two forces met on 1 June at Alipur and headed towards Delhi to confront the Mutineers holding the city. Before they had advanced very far though their force came upon Mutineer forces on 8th June dug in at Badli-ki-Serai (alt. Badlee Serai). Whilst estimated for the Mutineers strength vary wildly from a conservative 4,000 men up to a significant 30,000 it would be safe to say that the British force was likely outnumbered by the opposition in their defensive positions. The inflated numbers were likely a due to large numbers of ‘native rabble’ joining the Mutineers. The Mutineers were also supported by a few batteries of very proficient heavy artillery which was to prove to be a significant obstacle to the British during the battle.

The Mutineers had established themselves within the village of Badli-ki-Serai which included a walled caravanserai. The infantry had taken up position within the village behind the perimeter stone walls outside the periphery as well as the caravanserai which was on the British left flank. The majority of the Mutineers guns were positioned within the caravanserai which was on a slight rise above the trunk road to Delhi.  A separate section of guns consisting of 4 heavy artillery pieces and a heavy howitzer had been situated behind hastily erected sandbag earthworks on the British right flank outside the village walls. The land to the east and west of the village was boggy and considered a likely obstacle to any British attack, though the area covered was fairly limited which was to be later exploited by the British when they finally assaulted the Mutineers positions.

The initial British attack was launched in the morning but due to the Mutineers effective use of their emplaced artillery the initial attack faltered. The British cavalry was ordered around to the Mutineers rear, whilst an infantry brigade was dispatched around the opposite flank. With the forces redeployed Barnard renewed his assault and his infantry brigades stormed the village and took the enemy positions after severe fighting among the buildings.

Once the Mutineers became aware that their route to Delhi was soon to be cut off by the flanking cavalry the defense quickly dissolved as the units abandoned their positions and fled back towards Delhi rapidly pursued by the British horse. Unfortunately, for the British, the Mutineers were able to evade the British pursuit and joined the defenders in the city whilst the British were forced to clear the Mutineers from the Delhi Lines on the escarpment outside the city and settle in for a long siege.

Game

The British have deployed outside Badll-ki-Serai where the Mutineers have taken up defensive positions with support from local mobs. The British must take the Village and Seria within 7 turns before the mutineers are reinforced by further troops on their way from Delhi.

Game Length: 7 turns

Map

Battle of Badli-ke-Serai - map

The Mutineer deployment zone is 4 foot across by 18 inches, with a 6 inch gap to their rear.

The British may deploy anywhere along their baseline up to 6 inches in.

Delhi Board Edge

The Serai counts as class IV cover, whilst the walls around the village and sandbagged artillery is class III. The Marshy ground provides no cover but is rough ground for movement purposes.

Scenario Special Rules

The Mutineers have limited ammo.

The Mutineers deploy their entire force first.

Wavering Mutineers – Whenever a Mutineer unit wishes to move (or not move) during the movement segment of a turn it must check to establish whether any British forces are between it and the Delhi Board edge. If there aren’t any British troops in the way then the unit may act as normal. If there are British troops between it and the Delhi Board edge then the Mutineer unit most take a Major Moral test. If passed then the unit moves as normal, if failed the unit breaks and heads towards the Delhi Board edge avoiding British troops.

British Flank Marches – The British may detach two flanking forces. One can consist of either one or both of the British Cavalry units, the other may consist of one of the Native Infantry Regiments. These are identified before the game starts and are designated against one of the flanks, either ‘A’ or ‘B’. If two flanking forces are taken they must come on upon different flanks. From the start of turn 3 onwards the British may attempt to trigger the arrival of these reserves on any one British unit movement card (max one attempt per turn per flanking force). A roll of 4+ is required for the troops to arrive. The troops are positioned up to 2 inches into the table and may move and charge as normal.

Winning the Game

British Major Victory – The British must occupy uncontested both the Serai and the village at the end of the game. To be uncontested no steady Mutineer infantry or artillery units can be within the serai or village.

British Minor Victory – The British hold one of the Serai and village uncontested and none of the Mutineer guns are operation (either un-manned or reduced to one crew)

Mutineer Minor Victory – Contest both the Serai and Village

Mutineer Major Victory – Mutineers hold both the Serai and Village uncontested.

Otherwise a draw which would be a Mutineer moral victory and still able to claim bragging rights.

 

Forces – The Sword And The Flame – The Flame in India Variant Scenario

  British Mutineers
Commanders CIC Major General Sir Henry Barnard2IC – Wilson CIC – Unidentified
Cavalry 1 EIC Cavalry Regiment6th Carabiniers     (includes Hodsons horse)

– 9th Lancer Regiment (lances)

    (includes elemnts of 4th Lancers)

1 Mutineer Cavalry1 unit camel guns (1/2 unit)
Infantry 1st Infantry Brigade– 75th Foot

– 1st Begal Fusiliers (European)

2nd Infantry Brigade

– 2nd Bengal Fusiliers (European)

– 60th Rifles

– Sirmoor Battalion of ‘Ghoorkas’

6 Mutineer Infantry Regts. 
Artillery 3 Light Guns – 

3rd Brigade Horse Aty.(Includes EIC horse artillery as well as 2 18lb guns but treated as 2 light guns for scenario)

2 Heavy Guns1 Heavy Howitzer

2 Medium Guns

 The EIC Fusiliers, HM 75th Foot, the Ghoorka Infantry and the Mutineers are armed with Muskets

The British HM 60th Rifles are armed with the Enfield rifle.

The Mutineers Camel Guns are classed as Gingals

Despite the common missconception, the British forces in India were not universally armed with the Enfield Rifle (and so not better armed than their Mutineer opponents); it was only later in the war with the arrival of troops from Britain that troops arrived with the rifles.

Unit Treatment for Black Powder

Unit Armament Range H2H Shooting Morale Stamina Special
6th Carabiniers Swords 8 4+ 2 Ferocious Charge, Marauders, Small
9th Lancer Regiment Lances 8 4+ 2 Ferocious Charge, Lancers, Marauders, Small
75th Foot Smoothbore Muskets 18” 6 3 4+ 3 Sharpshooters, Stubborn
1st Begal Fusiliers (European) Smoothbore Muskets 18” 6 3 4+ 3 Sharpshooters, Stubborn
2nd Bengal Fusiliers (European) Smoothbore Muskets 18” 6 3 4+ 3 Sharpshooters, Stubborn
60th Rifles Rifled Musket 24” 6 3 4+ 3 Sharpshooters, Stubborn
Sirmoor Battalion of ‘Ghoorkas’ Smoothbore Muskets 18” 6 3 4+ 4 Tough Fighters, Sharp Shooters
EIC Horse Artillery Light Smoothbore 1 3-2-1 4+ 2
Mutineer Foot Smoothbore Muskets 18” 5 3 5+ 4 Wavering
Mutineer Cavalry Swords 8 3+ 3 Ferocious Charge, Marauders
Mutineer Heavy Artillery Heavy Smoothbore 1 3-2-1 4+ 2
Mutineer Medium Artillery Medium Smoothbore 1 3-2-1 4+ 2
Mutineer Camel Guns Gingal 24” 1 2 Marauders, Wavering, Small

 

Force Commander Command Rating
British C-I-C Sir Henry Barnard 8
British 2IC – Wilson 8
Mutineers Mutineer C-In-C 7
Mutineers Mutineer Sub-Commander 6

 

Note for Black Powder table set-up. If using largish 28mm units (20+ infantry figures) then use 6’ by 8’ table and adjust terrain placement and deployments accordingly.

 

Fast and Furious and For Queen and Company Special Rules

I think I need to be somewhere else

– if any British units get behind the Serai then Mutineer Infantry units holding the Serai suffer a -2 to all subsequent Moral rolls.

– if any British units get behind the Village then Mutineer Infantry units holding the Village suffer a -2 to all subsequent Moral rolls.

Marshy areas – all troops use variable movement

Constructing a Caravanserai

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Constructing a Caravanserai or ‘Serai’

Caravanserais were a common feature of the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asian landscape from Medieval through to near modern times. They were more often than not quite simple affairs designed to provide security and refreshment along the many trade routes. They were usually spaced a days travel apart or at major crossroads. If the region was disputed these compounds could take on a more martial role with stronger and higher walls as well as fortified towers and parapets.

 

This design is for one of the more common examples. This one has been constructed for North West India but with some simple adjustments, mainly to the gateway it could easily be made to represent one of the multitude of other caravanserais in other areas. This basic structure has a basic hollow box square compound with four walls surrounding a courtyard containing the well.

 

The dimensions have been specified to enable decent space for figures to be placed without significant danger of them falling from the walls.

Tools

  • Cutting board or surface
  • Metal straight edge ruler with handle
  • Sharp knife/scalpel (preferably with new blade)
  • Ruler + pencil
  • Set- square
  • PVA wood glue
  • Masking tape
  • Plaster/filler with the means of applying it such as a spatula, paint knife or large brish
  • Sand to mix into plaster
  • 30mm circular tube or compass (or similar) to describe the arches
  • Sewing pins (small heads)

Components

5mm Foam-board

Exterior Walls

  • 2 x 300mm x 100mm
  • 2 x 290mm x 100mm

Interior Walls

  • 2 x 290mm x 70mm
  • 2 x 190mm x 70mm

4 archways should be cut into each of the interior walls where they face into the inner courtyard – except for the wall containing the main gate. These archways will need to be 50mm at their highest and 25mm wide.

Roofs/walkways

  • 2 x 290mm x 50mm
  • 2 x 190mm x 50mm

Courtyard Well

  • 4 x 60mm x 10mm

Baseboard – thin ply

  • 320mm x 320mm

Coloured felt or fine striped material for interior curtains

Mount-board card for constructing main gates 2 x 90mm x 70mm as well as interior doors (2 x 40mm x 25mm) – refer to the sample templates. Alternatively 4Ground do a very useful set of 12 doors.

Mount board or thin balsa for the tiling around the top of the courtyard well (4 * 6mm x 60mm). Lightly score tile impressions into the card using a ball-point pen and ruler.

Construction

  1. Glue exterior walls using the set-square to ensure edges are at 90 degrees to each other.
  2. Tip – use masking tape to secure the joins whilst the glue is drying. Joins can be reinforced by bracing them with the small-headed sewing pins through the two pieces of foam board.
  3. Glue in long interior walls and roofs.
  4. Glue short interior walls and roofs.
  5. Attach gateways and interior doorways.
  6. Dress walls with plaster/sand mix.       Apply with reasonable coverage using a spatula or paint knife. Don’t be afraid to create texture by dragging the knife or stippling with a thick brush.
  7. Tip – to achieve a more ‘organic’ and slightly worn appearance use your knife to remove the straight corners and apply slight divots into the corners prior to applying any of the plaster. This removes the rather engineered sharp corners and suggests a more mud/adobe feel once the plaster has been applied.
  8. Gently sand down the walls to remove any excess flaky plaster
  9. Tip – once sanded down apply a watered down PVA covering to the entire model to secure the plaster before any paint is applied. This should protect the model from any rough handling and stop the plaster falling off.
  10. Assemble courtyard well and attach top tiles.
  11. Paint. If PVA has been applied to the entire model earlier then spray paints can be used without damage to the foam core, otherwise apply a simple undercoat. Use of progressive lighter shades either by angled sprays, or dry-brush will finish the main painting required for the walls and walkways. Paint the gateways and doors a dark brown weathered wood effect.
  12. The baseboard should be dressed and painted as appropriate to the region which it is intended for.
  13. Cut and attach the coloured felt to the interior faces of the arches surrounding the inner courtyard.

 

Use of this model in Wargames

This model was originally constructed to support my interest in the Indian Mutiny (1857-1858). Two of the earlier battles involved serais, the Battle of Budli-ke-Serai on 8th June 1857 (the give away is in the name), and the Battle of Najafgarh on 25th August 1857. In both incidents the serais were central to the Mutineers battle plans representing the focus for their defences.

Comments

Attachments to come include;

  • Templates for walls, roofs, and well
  • Templates for gates and doors

Photos of finished model

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The Siege of Barwarie – Water Tower

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The Siege of Barwarie had a few significant features which ought to be incorporated within any game, including the various bungalows, but the most significant item which cannot be missed is the actual water tower where the Brits ended up defending.

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I have attached a powerpoint slide which can be printed off in A4 (unsure of appropriate scaling for US).  It is composed of three elements, the main central building and two side rooms.  This model was derived directly from the newspaper article of the day which was meant to reflect the notes and drawings of Mr Ryves who survived the event.

Barwarie Station Template – stripped

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